This document provides a cross-country analysis of the current situation in relation to VET governance in the nine countries in the SEMED region that are participating in the ETF’s GEMM project. It presents a clear review of the challenges that these countries are facing as they seek to improve VET outcomes through better management and partnership at the national and local levels6.
The report has been prepared mainly from primary information collected using a mapping process, complemented by secondary sources7. It also benefits from inputs discussed and approved at the first ETF regional project conference held in Brussels in March 20148.The publication is addressed to VET policy makers in the region, including the social partners and business community, VET professionals, and other practitioners and experts.
In order to help readers understand developments that are taking place, numerous examples are provided (many of them in the annexes) to show how particular countries are tackling specific governance issues. Wherever possible, boxes and tables show the countries’ progress in terms of a particular issue or challenge.
The task of improving governance so that the VET system can improve its performance is now widely acknowledged to be a necessary and significant stepping stone if VET is to introduce much-needed qualifications, key competences and labour market skills reforms that are relevant for the labour market. In this regard, the effective involvement of both public and private stakeholders in VET policy making and skill delivery, at both vertical and horizontal governance levels, will be a crucial challenge in the years to come in each of the participating countries.