In 1943, Lebanon became officially The Lebanese Republic, assembling within its land different religions. Lebanon established a unique political system, “Confessionalism”, which is a power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities. The co-existence of these religious communities has granted the country a freedom that is not shared by most of the other Arab countries.
Even though Lebanon gained its independence in 1943, it was not until 1993 that the Ministry of Culture was finally established. The aim behind the creation of this ministry was to set up an institution that would be the only reference for sponsorship and support of the Lebanese cultural life, in terms of knowledge, research and creativity.
There are no unified general objectives, principles or strategies that govern the Lebanese cultural scene. In European countries, cultural institutions work within the framework of the government’s strategies, whereas in Lebanon, culturally, the government is almost non-existent. Each cultural institution enjoys free and independent internal governance. Individuals running these institutions have the absolute power over the objectives, principles and strategies of the institutions, which give room to creativity and freedom of maneuver.